Sadly for many players in the mobile payments market, NFC technology has remained far from reaching its full potential in payments ever. The biggest reason often cited for the lack of progress in NFC-based mobile payments has been the lack of NFC point of sale systems, and the cost of upgrading existing systems to accept NFC.
But other issues have plagued NFC as well, one of them being that the payments industry chose a path to NFC-based payments that strangled its potential, says Dave Birch, global ambassador for Consult Hyperion, an IT consultancy. “When NFC was first put into handsets, the opportunity to connect with the local environment was seen as a piece of technology that could really change things… The industry opted for maximum security and minimum infrastructure change by taking the chip and PIN app and storing it in the phone,” Birch explains.
The chip and PIN app traditionally has to be stored in a secure element in the handset’s SIM card or an embedded element, requiring the card issuer to rent space for the secure element from the telco. This has proved to be too complex of a model for issuers and mobile network operators, Birch notes. BankInter in Spain, which owns its own mobile network operator, even found the model too complex, and introduced technology to enable NFC payments that doesn’t rely on a secure element in the device.
Last month MasterCard and Visa announced that they would be testing NFC payments through Host Card Emulation, eliminating the need for issuers to rent a secure element from telco’s. This could be a big boon for mobile payments as it transforms the model for deploying NFC-based apps and wallets. If a bank like BankInter that owns a telco couldn’t find a way to work with the old model based on a secure element in the phone, then other banks that would have to partner with telcos to rent space for a secure element should be relieved at this news.
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Using the old model has led nowhere, as “banks and telco’s just can’t work together -- they come from different worlds and have different perspectives [on mobile payments],” Birch comments.
With Visa and MasterCard offering Host Card Emulation (HCE), issuers will be able to directly place their MasterCard and Visa branded cards on apps in the Android 4.4 operating system without partnering with telco’s, making those payments apps more attractive to issuers. “This definitely rejuvenates NFC,” Birch says.
Retailers will also be more interested now in NFC that the business model has been simplified, and the tap-and-go technology enables a better in-store shopping experience for their customers, he adds.
Even though HCE eliminates the role of the telco’s in providing NFC payments through a secure element, Birch says that the teclo’s could still play a role in providing security for mobile payments. “There isn’t much sense in storing the card credentials in the handset secure element, but it makes sense to store common authentication tools in it. The mobile payments apps could then have access to those secure authentication tools… through open API’s,” Birch explains.
NFC payments still faces the obstacle of merchant acceptance at the point of sale, but Birch points out that many merchants will likely upgrade to accept NFC when they update their point of sale systems for EMV. Even though that could still be a ways off, there is now a business model for banks interested in NFC payments that doesn’t involve complex partnerships between parties with potentially competing interests. The hope is that will drive interest from banks, retailers and other parties in mobile payments and encourage them to experiment and innovate in this space.